Sunday, March 6, 2011

Overview of Negative Health Effects of Cigarette Smoking

Smoking harms nearly every organ of the body. Smoking causes many diseases and reduces the health of smokers in general.

Smoking and Death

  • The adverse health effects from cigarette smoking account for an estimated 443,000 deaths, or nearly one of every five deaths, each year in the United States.
  • More deaths are caused each year by tobacco use than by all deaths from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), illegal drug use, alcohol use, motor vehicle injuries, suicides, and murders combined.
  • Male and female smokers lose an average of 13.2 and 14.5 years of life, respectively.
  • Smokers are three times as likely to die before the age of 60 or 70 as non-smokers.
  • Smoking causes 90% of all lung cancer deaths in men and 80% of all lung cancer deaths in women.
  • An estimated 90% of all deaths from chronic obstructive lung disease are caused by smoking.

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Smoking and Increased Health Risks

Compared with nonsmokers, smoking is estimated to increase the risk of—
  • coronary heart disease by 2 to 4 times
  • stroke by 2 to 4 times
  • men developing lung cancer by 23 times
  • women developing lung cancer by 13 times
  • dying from chronic obstructive lung diseases (such as chronic bronchitis and emphysema) by 12 to 13 times.

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Smoking and Cardiovascular Disease

  • Smoking causes coronary heart disease, the leading cause of death in the United States.
  • Cigarette smoking causes reduced circulation by narrowing the blood vessels (arteries) and puts smokers at risk of developing peripheral vascular disease (i.e., obstruction of the large arteries in the arms and legs that can cause a range of problems from pain to tissue loss or gangrene).
  • Smoking causes abdominal aortic aneurysm (i.e., a swelling or weakening of the main artery of the body—the aorta—where it runs through the abdomen).

Smoking and Respiratory Disease

  • Smoking causes lung cancer.
  • Smoking causes lung diseases (e.g., emphysema, bronchitis, chronic airway obstruction) by damaging the airways and alveoli (i.e., small air sacs) of the lungs.

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Renal

In addition to increasing the risk of kidney cancer, smoking can contribute to additional renal damage. Smokers are at a significantly increased risk for chronic kidney disease than non-smokers.  A history of smoking encourages the progression of diabetic nephropathy.

Smoking and Cancer

Smoking causes the following cancers:

Smoking and Other Health Effects

Smoking is associated with the following adverse health effects:

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Smoking is also associated with the following adverse health effects:
  • Postmenopausal women who smoke have lower bone density than women who never smoked.
  • Women who smoke have an increased risk for hip fracture than women who never smoked.

Sources and Additional Information:



1 comment:

  1. I read an article from Findrxonline that smoking harms to the person that can cause cancer in the kidney. In its advanced stage causes much pain for this reason doctors prescribed analgesics such as Hydrocodone and Lortab for pain relief.

    ReplyDelete

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